1. Allegory Fountain to Mairena:

Chronology: 1962

Author: Antonio Gavira Alba

Monumental fountain dedicated to the population of Mairena del Alcor, representing the most significant elements of the locality: oranges, the castle, and the fair. Located in the promenade, it is a traditional meeting and celebration place, once used as a fairground and the venue for the Antonio Mairena Flamenco Festival until the end of the 20th century.

2. Fat Font:

Chronology: 16th-21st century

The renovation carried out in 2016 allowed the conceptual recovery of some of its original elements. Originally located next to an old road connecting Vega with the town, its waters were used for human consumption, watering animals, and supplying the public laundries and mills known as “de Campo” through an underground mine speculated to have possible Roman origins.

3. Alconchel Fountain:

Known for the quality and abundance of its waters, men and women used to come here to wash and load pitchers to distribute around the town, sometimes up to 40 pitchers per “bolea” (load). Located on one of the most frequented paths in the region, the area was a resting place for livestock until the late 19th century, especially during the April fair days. Its current appearance is the result of the remodeling done in 1890 when the area was urbanized, turning it into a popular walking area in Mairena, frequented by couples and families. The surroundings were renovated in 2010.

4. Flour Mills:

Chronology: 18th century

A complex consisting of four flour mills powered by water transported through underground tunnels from the public springs of Alconchel and Gorda. There is speculation about their origin, which might date back to the Roman era. Their current appearance and name are the result of the works carried out by Francisco del Campo Amat in 1780. Next to the sluice that carries the water from the Gorda spring to the first mill, known as La Latera or El Salvador, public washhouses were built, some of which are still partially preserved.

5. Monument to the Olive Harvesters:

Chronology: 20th century

Author: José Manuel Díaz.

A sculptural group that pays homage to the agricultural tradition of the town, specifically olive cultivation. The scene immortalizes the traditional olive harvesting or hand-picking that takes place at the end of September. The meticulous craftsmanship of the olive tree, created from a mold, stands out, as well as the inclusion of tools and equipment used in this work.

6. Monument to the Old Fair:

Chronology: 1982

Authors: Jesús and Antonio Gavira Alba

A monument inspired by the passage “Andalusian Scenes” from the work of Serafín Estébanez Calderón, a leading figure in Andalusian costumbrismo and author of the work “La feria de Mairena.” The central figure is an equestrian sculpture made of bronze, representing a rider and a woman on horseback dressed in the old-fashioned manner. Mairena was a reference for flamenco fashion in the 19th century. The attire worn at the Mairena fair set the trend for flamenco fashion of that time.

7. Tribute to Cervantes:

Chronology: 2007

Author: José Manuel Díaz

A sculptural group that pays a particular tribute to Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra’s most famous work: “Don Quixote of La Mancha.” Inspired by the adventures narrated in Chapter VIII titled: “The Good Success Which the Valiant Don Quixote Had in the Dreadful and Never-Imagined Adventure of the Windmills, with Other Happenings Worthy of Happy Record.” It portrays the amusing episode experienced by the ingenious gentleman and his faithful squire in La Mancha.

8. Monument Allegory to Culture:

A monumental ensemble that pays tribute to culture in Mairena del Alcor. Flamenco, the fair, and archaeological findings come together in this monument made of stone and bronze. The stone pedestal is adorned with bronze plates depicting historical bas-reliefs. At the top of the ensemble, a female figure embodies theater, literature, music, and architecture. At the base of the sculpture, a child symbolically collects the wellspring of knowledge flowing from the fountain’s spout, replicating the bas-relief of a Roman satyr found near the town.

9. Mairena Castle:

Popularly known as the Castle of Luna, it is a Christian defensive building from the mid-14th century. Its origins date back to the donation of the Mairena location by King Alfonso XI to Pedro Ponce de León in 1342. In 1902, it was purchased by the Anglo-French painter Jorge Bonsor, who carried out numerous works to transform the fortress into his residence-museum, showcasing the richness of his archaeological collections.